This article discusses the two types of Performance Load: Cognitive and Kinematic and how they contribute to Performance Time and the increase and decrease of possible errors.Cognitive Load is our Working Memory (WM) and Long Term Memory (LTM).To put it simply Working Memory is ‘the part of our brain that consciously processes information, dominates everything we do in terms of learning’ (Malamed, C. (n.d). Working memories tend to have a small capacity, unlike Long Term Memories, that seem to have a never ending capacity. Kinematic Load is the physical requirements needed in order to complete a goal, it is the ‘number of steps or movements, or amount of force – required to accomplish a goal’ (Lidwell, W. (2003) pp. 148-149). Through minimising the amount of Kinematic Load and Cognitive Load required to complete a given task, you make the Performance Load less, decrease the chances of errors and reduce performance time.
Malamed, C. (n.d.) What is Cognitive Load? Retrieved from The elearning coach website: http://theelearningcoach.com/learning/what-is-cognitive-load/
Cognitive Load Theory. (n.d.) Retrieved from UNSW Arts and Social Sciences website: http://education.arts.unsw.edu.au/research-education/cognitive-load-theory/
Lidwell, W., Holden, K., & Butler, J. (2003). Performance Load. In Universal Principles of Design (pp.148‐149). Massachusetts: Rockport.
Valcke, Martin (01/01/2002). “Cognitive Load: Updating the Theory?”. Learning and instruction (0959-4752), 12 (1), 147.